Conflict Prevention & Coexistence
Many individuals and some agencies still feel that the key to preventing conflict and keeping people safe is to hunt cougars and other large carnivores in order to “control” their numbers and distribution. However, there is a considerable body of scientific evidence that suggests killing these predators – particularly cougars and wolves – does little to reduce (and in some cases may actually increase) the incidence rate of conflict with people, pets, and livestock.
That is why some individuals and agencies across the country are actively researching, implementing, and evaluating the effectiveness of non-lethal methods of preventing conflict such as fladry, livestock guardian dogs, and range riders. We believe that it is incredibly important to promote these initiatives, and will continue to share information about non-lethal deterrents and conflict prevention in this space. We can coexist.
- Sample Cougar Emergency Response Plan (FL) – This is the very best policy for managing for the prevention of encounters with mountain lions. It responds to conflict situations with common sense, easy to follow formulae of risk assessment, and the rational expectation of safe outcomes for people, pets, livestock, and cougars.
- Oregon Wolf Management Compensation and Proactive Trust Fund – Requires livestock producers to implement non-lethal deterrents before they can be compensated for livestock losses or wolves can be lethally removed from the area.
- People & Carnivores – Develop and implement non-lethal tools for ranchers, including fencing, guardian animals, and range riders.
- Keystone Conservation – Livestock management and wolf/bear coexistence programs.
- Wood River Wolf Project – A non-lethal demonstration project in central Idaho.
- Livestock and Wolves – Defenders of Wildlife Guide to Non-lethal Tools
- Blackfoot Challenge – Electric fencing, carcass removal, and range rider programs in the Blackfoot Valley of Montana.
- Wolves and Livestock: A review of tools to deter livestock depredation – Peter Douglas Brown, University of Montana
- Lines of Defense: Coping with Predators in the Rocky Mountain Region -Eric Gese (et al) APHIS
- LionPolicy (1) California Department of Fish and Wildlife Mountain Lion Response Policy
(If you are aware of a conflict prevention initiative that is not listed here, please contact us. If you are looking for information on how to stay safe when living or recreating in cougar country, please take a look at our Living With Cougars resources.)
What to do if you find yourself in ‘guard dog country’
Predator Friendly Farms & Ranches
Springwater Trees / Richards Farms (OR)
If you are a predator friendly producer and would like to be featured on our website, please contact us.
Are You Coexisting with Predators?
Whether you are a livestock producer or an individual living in the urban-wildland interface, we’d love to hear your experience of coexisting with cougars and other large carnivores. We will happily share (with your permission) your stories and photos on our blog!