Pumas probably were extirpated from Alabama in the mid-1800s. Occasional sightings suggest free-ranging pumas, of unknown origin, occasionally may be present in Alabama, but there is no self-sustaining population currently known.

There have not been any confirmed reports by trail cameras, road kills, traditional photography, or hunter-harvested specimens since 1948.

At last count there were around 30 game breeders who still retained permits to have captive mountain lions. New permits are no longer issued.